Jogging Outdoors in Arizona

I’ve largely stopped jogging outdoors in recent years. One reason is that I’ve been concerned for a long time about the air quality. It kind of defeats the purpose of exercising if you’re breathing in car exhaust and coal fumes.*

Arizona’s most recent air quality grade from the American Lung Association is, overwhelmingly, an F, mainly thanks to our cars and reliance on coal for electricity.*


From the American Lung Association’s 2018 Assessment*

We know from a 2013 MIT study that air pollution causes roughly 200,000 premature deaths in the US annually.* This isn’t surprising as we also know that air pollution increases risk of respiratory diseases, lung cancer, and heart disease.

What shocked me years ago as a psychology student was coming across various studies indicating different ways in which air pollution causes cognitive problems. It reduces brain mass, negatively impacts memory, and it’s associated with increased Alzheimer’s incidence.**

Reading this stuff, I would think back to times throughout my teens when I would ride my bicycle a hundred miles a week from Silly Mountain out to Crismon and back, praying that I wouldn’t get stuck at a red light next to that poorly-serviced 1970s station wagon. Or summers when I worked for my mom’s husband in road construction shoveling dirt from curbs while walking around in a black cloud of exhaust from the giant Caterpillar machines. I look back and wonder what permanent cognitive damage I unknowingly inflicted on myself.


Silly Mountain, A Stone’s Throw from My Teenage Home

These days, people are often surprised that I drive around in a Micro Machine. Seems to me that that’s the least I can do. Just like I think voting for people who oppose fossil fuels and support cleaner energy sources is the least I can do.

I think it’s this easy: Kids should be able to ride their bicycles and play outside without an increased risk of physical or cognitive impairment. It’s inexcusable and unconscionable that they don’t have such a guarantee in Arizona in 2018.

Quotation Quiz

The folks at goodreads love to pollute the Internet with dubiously-sourced quotes from various people. I looked into 21 of their top quotes to see if the person the quote is ascribed to actually said it or was the first to say it. Click below to see if you know who said what and when.

Lincoln

Continue reading Quotation Quiz

Sagan, 22, “Peddling Without a License”

The fall of 1956 temporarily separated Lynn and Carl. Sagan began work at the University of Chicago’s astronomy school in Williams Bay, Wisconsin. This is the home of the Yerkes Observatory. Completed in 1897, the forty-inch Yerkes refractor was housed in a brick-and-terra-cotta domed building. It was by then a storied relic.

Williams Bay had a population of barely 1,000. For city-bred Sagan, it presented a culture shock. For the first time in his life, Sagan encountered anti-Semitism. He also ran into trouble with the law. He attempted to raise funds for the Democratic Party, asking householders for a dollar each. As Sagan told it,

I spent all morning going door to door. And I got the most amazing responses: “The what party?” or “Shh! the master will hear!” or “Wait right here, young fellow, and I’ll get my shotgun.” Finally I was arrested by the sheriff, who had had innumerable complaints, on the grounds of peddling without a license. They figured I was peddling receipts at a dollar each. And I was remanded to the custody of the observatory director, who I don’t think understood anything about it, but just said to me, “Be a good boy.”

—From the bio Carl Sagan, 1999, by William Poundstone

“Everything’s gay, gay, gay now.”

More fun this evening chatting with Chandler voters.

The first person I talk to comes out guns blazing. I don’t even knock on his door. He just pops out with a “Hey there!”

“Hey, I’m Clif. I’m with the Democrats. I’m collecting signatures for some local candidates.”

“I used to be a Democrat,” he says, “back when they were conservative. Now they’re for the homosexuals and abortion, and they’re against God.”

I say, “Well, you know, I’m not a big fan of abortion, but I think the Democrats have it right. Number one, strangely enough, making more restrictive abortion laws doesn’t actually reduce the rate of abortion.* It’s like Barry Goldwater said: ‘It’s always been around, and it always will be.’* Things we know that help reduce the rate of abortion, though, like increased access to birth control and sex ed are things Democrats are generally for.”*

“Well, that’s true,” he says, “and that’s why I’m not strictly for one side or the other. But, I don’t know why everything has to be gay, gay, gay now. You can’t turn on the TV these days without homosexuals in everything. You know, I believe in the Bible, and the Bible makes it totally clear that homosexuality is wrong. Take Sodom and Gomorrah: God sends angels down to Lot, and the wicked men of the city try to have sex with them. Lot offers them his daughters — now that part’s terrible — but the men want the angels.”

I say, “Yeah, but I would point out that there are different ways to interpret these things. There are people out there who believe — I’m sure — just as strongly in God and the Bible who don’t think homosexuality is bad. In that verse you mentioned, for instance, they might say that God’s problem with the wicked men was not that they were homosexuals but that they wanted to rape strangers. Maybe God is just against people who want to rape other people.”*

He says, “Yeah, there are a lot of people out there who want to distort the truth. They try to call people like me an extremist just because I’ve been married to my wife for 52 years.”

I say, “Well, I wouldn’t call you that. I would just say that I have gay friends myself who I care for a lot. They’re people who I think suffered because they grew up around people who told them that they were bad. They couldn’t change this ‘bad’ thing about themselves, so it made them deeply unhappy. I think that’s terrible.”

He then tells me a bizarre story about a handsome nephew who he says was turned gay by his mom and sisters who would dress him up like a girl, in dresses and makeup. I let that one go. I liked that the guy called his nephew “a real head-turner,” though.

This was like a 20-minute conversation that I won’t recount all of here. It turns out that the guy doesn’t like Jeff Flake because Flake’s nephew apparently … neglected some dogs? The guy doesn’t like McCain because McCain is responsible for the shoddy condition of the VA apparently.

He talks about how you can’t have the Bible in schools anymore, but you can have the “yin yang.” I kinda regret not finding out what the “yin yang” is ….

Trump, though. There’s somethin’ about that Trump guy. He says, “Trump’s a guy who can’t be bought ’cause he’s already a billionaire.”

As I almost always do when I hear Trump’s name, I begin to vomit uncontrollably. No, I’m kidding. I just vomit in my mind. The mind vomit helps to cloud the mental image of Trump.

This ex-Democrat then says, “And the Mueller investigation — the Democrats are just dragging it out. It’s just a waste of taxpayer money.”

I start to say, “Well, the Republicans spent a lot of taxpayer money to investigate Hillary….”

He jumps in: “Well, it’s been good talking to you.”

Then, he kinda cocks an eye and says, “Good night and … God bless.”

“Thanks for talking to me!” I say. “Have a good one!”

One convert at a time.

WikiLeaks Tweets November 1-8, 2016

In 2016, like a lot of people using social media, I found myself constantly alarmed at the various accusations being leveled at Hillary Clinton and Democrats generally. A lot of these accusations, I found, originated with the Russian hack of the DNC.* As is now widely known (though less so among Republicans in the US*), Russian hackers stole information from both the Democrats and Republicans but only chose to disseminate information potentially harmful to Democrats.*

The claim of dishonesty is important because it suggests that WikiLeaks is itself opaque and, therefore, hypocritical.

One might argue that WikiLeaks founder (and former host of Russia Today’s World Tomorrow) Julian Assange is in favor of transparency generally and that the source of information that increases transparency is unimportant.* I find that explanation plausible. However, what I think may have received too little attention during the 2016 election is how partisan WikiLeaks was and how dishonest their dissemination of information was. The claim of dishonesty is important because it suggests that WikiLeaks is itself opaque and, therefore, hypocritical.

What you find is that, of those 153 tweets, 130 (85%) of them were critical of Clinton and Democrats generally. Of those same 153 tweets, there is not a single one critical of Trump nor of any Republican.

To support my claim of partisanship, I provide below a collection of all 153 tweets by WikiLeaks from November 1st through election day, November 8th, 2016.* What you find is that, of those 153 tweets, 130 (85%) of them were critical of Clinton and Democrats generally. Of those same 153 tweets, there is not a single one critical of Trump nor of any Republican. I categorized 15 of the tweets as neutral. One of those was a retweet of CNN’s Jake Tapper where the reporter wrote, “been hearing for weeks anecdotally about the CIA-FBI divide over this election.” Tapper clarified in a brief, tweeted conversation that he meant, “as a very crude generalization,” he was hearing about the CIA being anti-Trump and FBI being anti-Clinton.* I don’t know what prompted WikiLeaks to share this, so I categorized it as “neutral.”

To support my claim of dishonesty, I will highlight the habit the WikiLeaks tweeters had of misrepresenting the content of articles and emails.

To support my claim of dishonesty, I will highlight the habit the WikiLeaks tweeters had of misrepresenting the content of articles and emails. For example, on November 4th, WikiLeaks tweeted, “MIT prof: What I learned from visualizing Clinton’s emails – Summary: study censored & I was mobbed by Clintonists.”* The problem with this “summary” by WikiLeaks is that the professor never claims to have been mobbed.* He does claim that a Reddit thread about the analysis was taken down by a moderator, but there is no evidence that a “Clintonist” did this. In fact, the analyst himself notes that he was a Clinton supporter who viewed Trump as “potentially a threat to global security.” How did he summarize his own work? Read for yourself:

What I saw on Clinton’s emails was not surprising to me. It involved a relatively small group of people talking about what language to use when communicating with other people. […] I am sure that if we had access to Trump’s emails we would see plenty of the same behavior.

Another case involves a possibly strained relationship between Al Gore and Hillary Clinton. In the email exchange, Nora Toiv shares a November 2015 story published by People titled “Al Gore Declines to Endorse Hillary Clinton for President.” In fact, Gore says that he is not endorsing anyone at that point because it’s too early to decide.* Huma Abedin tells those present in the email thread that Gore warned the campaign that he would not endorse Hillary Clinton: “hard to put on email but there is no love lost in this relationship. reminder that he also refused to endorse in 2008!!!” This obviously indicates a strained relationship of some kind but gives no indication of ill will on either’s part. So, how did it turn out? Gore endorsed Clinton in July 2016, months before WikiLeaks tweeted the email.* Here’s how WikiLeaks presented the email exchange: “Hillary and Gore hate each other. The reason is too dangerous to put in email — Clinton’s closest aid Huma Abedin.”

Call me crazy, but that seems not at all transparent to me.

With this background, I present all 153 tweets with notes and context where I could find them:

11/8/2016
“Clinton: out of touch, cronyistic, didn’t drive a car in 35 years, flew all over the world but accomplished nothing”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/8/2016
“By biasing its internal electoral market the DNC selected the less competitive candidate defeating the purpose of running a primary.”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/8/2016
Video compilation of WikiLeaks top stories, including feature regarding criticism of DNC
link
source WikiLeaks

11/8/2016
Graphic showing election forecast favoring Trump
link
source New York Times

11/8/2016
“The American people don’t like corruption. After the election comes selection. Who will be selected and why?”
link
[Note: Article by David Dayen, who has also contributed to Salon, The Intercept, and Fiscal Times.]
source New Republic

11/8/2016
“Hillary Clinton is privately against gay marriage”
link
[Note: Regated is not currently active. It appears to have been founded by Victor Smith and Sam Wenkert. One of the writers for the publication calls himself Robert Powell and wrote on his Gab page on 3/12/18, “These countries are shitholes BECAUSE THEY ARE NO LONGER MAJORITY WHITE.” Other writers: Orlando Navarro, MD Anderson, Julian Wan.]
source Regated

11/8/2016
“#Sweden allowing #US Homeland Security officers at #Stockholm airport, permanently & w/ access to own weapons”
link
[Note: The writer of the article, Prof. Marcello Ferrada de Noli, does not have a strong web presence outside of two YouTube interviews published by Russia Today. The Indicter has a YouTube channel itself which has published several Russia Today videos.]
source The Indicter

9/13/2016
“Hillary Clinton’s best riposte to Trump? Radical transparency”
link
[Note: Article from former New York Times editor Jill Abramson who has written favorably of Clinton’s honesty.]
source Guardian

11/8/2016
“NYTimes pushes out its 2 month old WikiLeaks conspiracy during the middle of voting” and links to NYTimes tweet, “How Russia often benefits when Julian Assange reveals the West’s secrets”
link
source New York Times

11/8/2016
“WikiLeaks: Clinton advisers couldn’t follow her shifting position on trade”
link
[Note: LifeZette was founded by conservative pundit Laura Ingraham and Peter Anthony. The publication promoted discredited conspiracy theories during the 2016 presidential election.*]
source LifeZette

11/8/2016
“.@HillaryClinton’s fundraising team had a ‘transactional focus,’ @johnpodesta’s asst. complains in @wikileaks email.”
link
[Note: Vogel’s Twitter account throughout 2016 shows Tweets critical of Clinton, Trump, Sanders, and possibly others.]
source Kenneth P. Vogel (Politico writer)

11/8/2016
“WikiLeaks, per Hillary conta più papa Francesco che Renzi”
link
[Note: This article, from center-left La Repubblica, is about how Podesta’s emails showed more interest among Clinton’s election team in being associated with Pope Francis than Italian PM Matteo Renzi]
source Repubblica

11/8/2016
“WikiLeaks editor Julian Assange’s statement today on the US election”
link
[Note: Assange rationalizes his decision to continue publishing hacked DNC emails. He does not say that the emails came from a Russian hack. He does not say why WikiLeaks is only apparently interested in improving the transparency of the DNC and not also the RNC.]
source WikiLeaks

11/8/2016
The 44 Most Damning Stories From WikiLeaks http://trib.al/yEI6Tk7 #WikiLeaks #PodestaEmails #DNCLeaks2
link
[Note: A retweet from Tucker Carlson and Neil Patel’s conservative Daily Caller.]
source Daily Caller

11/8/2016
“WikiLeaks reveals more reporter collusion with the Clinton campaign”
link
[Note: Report from conservative publication.]
source Washington Examiner

11/8/2016
“Hillary Clinton fue la figura clave en la destrucción del Estado de Libia”, subraya Assange en entrevista EXCLUSIVA.
link
[Note: Interview with Julian Assange by Spanish language Russia Today news outlet. In English, the title is “Hillary Clinton was the key figure in the destruction of the State of Libya.”]
source Russia Today

11/8/2016
“Forbes: Why Historians Must Use Wikileaks To Write The History Of The 2016 Election”
link
source Forbes

11/8/2016
“Bill Clinton in private speech: UK’s Jeremy Corbyn is a ‘guy off the street… the maddest person in the room'”
link
[Note: This appears meant to show some duplicity in Bill Clinton, a highly-regarded figure among many Democrats.]
source WikiLeaks

11/7/2016
“WIKILEAKS: Clinton Sent Classified Info To Chelsea After UN Climate Talks http://trib.al/F4cCdID #WikiLeaks #PodestaEmails”
link
[Note: A retweet from Tucker Carlson and Neil Patel’s conservative Daily Caller.]
source Daily Caller

11/7/2016
“US presidential candidate @DrJillStein (Greens) draws attention to Obama’s war on whistleblowers in election eve PR”
link
source Jill Stein

11/7/2016
“Constructing the Obama cabinet: full Briefing Book via Citibank (see attachments)”
link
[Note: Article by David Dayen, who has also contributed to Salon, The Intercept, and Fiscal Times.]
source New Republic

11/7/2016
“New emails reveal Donna Brazille leaked two more debate questions to Hillary Clinton”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/7/2016
“Nominee intelligence briefing content controlled by Obama; oppo research for Manafort (attachment) #PodestaEmails ”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/7/2016
“DNC staffer: Tax loss credit used by Trump to avoid taxes was introduced by Clinton”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/7/2016
“Democratic insider & Hill columnist Brent Budowsky on the ‘fixed game’ in DC”
link
[Note: It is unclear what the email exchange is actually about.]
source WikiLeaks

11/7/2016
“Clinton (out of government) asked Podesta (who was in government) to disclose Libya attack intelligence over email”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/7/2016
“Trump debate moderator, CNBC’s John Harwood, colluded with Clinton campaign on questions for interview”
link
[Note: Article from conservative publication founded by Glenn Beck.]
source The Blaze

11/7/2016
“#Clinton aide says @ClintonFdn paid for Chelsea’s wedding, @WikiLeaks emails show.”
link
[Note: Retweet of Fox Business tweet.]
source Fox Business

11/7/2016
“Campaign collusion: Is CNBC’s John Harwood too close to the Clinton operation?”
link
source Hill

11/7/2016
“Arianna Huffington, co-founder of Huffinton Post, prefers covert influence #PodestaEmails”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/7/2016
“Democrats advised CNN on interview questions for Donald Trump, according to new WikiLeaks release”
link
source Independent

11/7/2016
“Video: Best summary & background so far of WikiLeaks #Podesta emails”
link
[Note: This links to the teleSur video “Empire Files: Abby Martin Exposes John Podesta.” Abby Martin previously hosted a show for Russia Today. teleSur has frequently been described as a propaganda tool for Hugo Chávez.]
source teleSUR

11/7/2016
“Trump VP pick @Mike_Pence was not on Democrats list of possibilities #DNCLeak2 ”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/7/2016
“Hillary Clinton Knew She Was Helping Islamists Move Into Power In Libya http://trib.al/WDiYG26 #WikiLeaks #PodestaEmails”
link
[Note: A retweet from Tucker Carlson and Neil Patel’s conservative Daily Caller.]
source Daily Caller

11/7/2016
“Podesta: Clinton top aid & Chief of Staff at State, Cheryl Mills, was against Clinton running for president”
link
[Note: Another message in this thread reads, “Do we actually know who told Hillary she could use a private email? And has that person been drawn and quartered?”]
source WikiLeaks

11/7/2016
Video from Fox & Friends: “WikiLeaks: CNN asked DNC for questions for interview with Trump, Cruz”
link
source Fox & Friends

11/7/2016
“HA Goodman: If you want to protect WikiLeaks sources, the Greens @DrJillStein has been their strongest defender”
link
[Note: Goodman’s Twitter feed is full of links to his own YouTube videos, Fox News retweets, at least one favorable retweet from Donald Trump, and many tweets critical of the FBI and CIA.]
source Huffington Post

11/6/2016
“Hillary Clinton, Saudi Arabia and John Podesta”
link
[Note: This links to the teleSur video “Empire Files: Abby Martin Exposes John Podesta.” Abby Martin previously hosted a show for Russia Today. teleSur has frequently been described as a propaganda tool for Hugo Chávez.]
source teleSURE

11/6/2016
“WikiLeaks Show Washington Post Writer Asked DNC For Anti-Trump Research”
link
[Note: A retweet from Tucker Carlson and Neil Patel’s conservative Daily Caller.]
source Daily Caller Politics

11/6/2016
“WikiLeaks: Chicago mayor used private domain to communicate with officials”
link
[Note: Article critical of Rahm Emanuel.]
source Fox News

11/6/2016
“DNC prepared questions for the Wolf Blitzers’ CNN interview of Donald Trump”
link
[Note: CNN responded, “When preparing for interviews, we are regularly sent suggestions from rival campaigns and political parties, both solicited and unsolicited. Casting a wide net to ensure a tough and fair interview isn’t just common media practice, it’s smart.”*]
source WikiLeaks

11/6/2016
“WikiLeaks: DNC and CNN colluded on questions for Trump and Cruz”
link
source Washington Examiner

11/6/2016
“SCOOP: @ChelseaClinton’s husband used @ClintonFdn events & connections to raise money for his hedge fund.”
link
[Note: The actual title of the piece is “Chelsea’s husband allegedly used foundation ties to boost hedge fund” which includes the word “allegedly.”]
source Politico

11/6/2016
“Chelsea Clinton’s husband used Clinton Foundation poker games to boost his hedge fund according internal allegation”
link
[Note: The full title of Politico article is, “Chelsea’s husband allegedly used foundation ties to boost hedge fund” which includes the word “allegedly.”]
source Politico

11/6/2016
“Updated with many of revelations from batches of #PodestaEmails published by @wikileaks during past week”
link
[Note: ShadowProof, previously FireDogLake is an alternative left-wing blog.]
source Shadow Proof

11/2/2016
“DoJ Assistant Attorney Peter Kadzik outed as a mole for Hillary Clinton campaign”
link
[Note: The Charlotte Observer noted that Podesta and Kadzik are long-time friends. Kadzik did not tell Podesta anything not already a part of public record: http://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/politics-government/election/article112169977.html]
source WikiLeaks

11/6/2016
“It’s ignorant to vote for Hillary Clinton without reading WikiLeaks”
link
[Note: This is an opinion paragraph of an apparent citizen of Auroro, CO in an opinion section of the Denver Post.]
source Roger Yates

11/5/2016
“Powell told Clinton in 2009 there was a “real danger” she’d be caught & that he used off books system, kept quiet.”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/6/2016
“Chelsea Clinton used Clinton Foundation resources for her wedding — email from top Bill Clinton aid Doug Band”
link
[Note: The Washington Post Fact Checker ruled that there was no evidence for this claim.*]
source WikiLeaks

11/5/2016
“Deleted Clinton email: Colin Powel warns Hillary Clinton to be ‘very careful’ to not get caught hiding her emails”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“Poll: Majority of voters now think Clinton acted illegally”
link
[Note: This is a poll from centrist news organization McClatchy. The results were as follows: “83 percent of likely voters believe that Clinton did something wrong – 51 percent saying she did something illegal and 32 percent saying she something unethical but not illegal. Just 14 percent said she’s done nothing wrong.”]
source McClatchy DC

11/5/2016
“Video: Inside the Clinton network of John Podesta — best summary by far”
link
[Note: This links to the teleSur video “Empire Files: Abby Martin Exposes John Podesta.” Abby Martin previously hosted a show for Russia Today. teleSur has frequently been described as a propaganda tool for Hugo Chávez.]
source teleSUR

11/5/2016
“Video: 23 minute special on WikiLeaks’ #PodestaEmails from @teleSURtv”
link
[Note: This links to the teleSur video “Empire Files: Abby Martin Exposes John Podesta.” Abby Martin previously hosted a show for Russia Today. teleSur has frequently been described as a propaganda tool for Hugo Chávez.]
source teleSUR

11/4/2016
“Sanders had non-aggression pact with Clinton who had ‘leverage’ to enforce it Robby Mook (‘re47’) email reveals”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/5/2016
“Clinton’s charity confirms Qatar’s $1 million gift while she was at State Dept (Reuters with more details)”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/5/2016
Internal legal review concluded that the Clinton Foundation was run ‘like a political operation’
link
source WikiLeaks

11/5/2016
“Julian Assange: @HillaryClinton fue la figura clave en la destrucción de #Libia
link
[Note: Interview with Julian Assange by Spanish language Russia Today news outlet. In English, the title is “Hillary Clinton was the key figure in the destruction of the State of Libya.”‘]
source teleSUR

11/5/2016
“If Saudi Arabia funded 9/11 and ISIS too, why does Obama protect them, Clinton arm them, & Podesta lobby for them?”
link
source Salon (Tweeted by Jill Stein)

11/5/2016
“Google DKIM shows that Donna Brazile lied when she stated her debate rigging email was ‘doctored by Russian sources’ ”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/5/2016
“Emails posted to Wikileaks show 1st evidence Emanuel used personal accounts as mayor beyond official government ones”
link
source Chicago Tribune

11/5/2016
“WikiLeaks reveals harsh internal review of Clinton Foundation”
link
[Note: LifeZette was founded by conservative pundit Laura Ingraham and Peter Anthony. The publication promoted discredited conspiracy theories during the 2016 presidential election.*]
source LifeZette

11/5/2016
“A summary by category of WikiLeaks’ #PodestaEmails finds http://www.vaskal.ca/podestafiles”
link
[Note: It is unclear who runs Vaskal. There is a page on the site titled “Merry Trumpmas” where one can download a Christmas card featuring Donald Trump on the front and Pepe the Frog on the inside.*]
source Vaskal

11/5/2016
” ‘Have her beat the sh*t out of a.. staffer’ as prep to make Clinton less “unpleasent” during interviews”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/5/2016
“WIKILEAKS: Here’s How The Clinton’s Free Private Jet Scam Works”
link
[Note: A retweet from Tucker Carlson and Neil Patel’s conservative Daily Caller.]
source Daily Caller

11/5/2016
“WikiLeaks: Even Podesta thinks Clinton’s campaign lacks vision”
link
[Note: LifeZette was founded by conservative pundit Laura Ingraham and Peter Anthony. The publication promoted discredited conspiracy theories during the 2016 presidential election.*]
source LifeZette

11/5/2016
“Chicago Tribune follows up on our revelation that Rahm Emanuel used custom domain for emails”
link
source Chicago Tribune

11/5/2016
“WikiLeaks Emails: Podesta Threatened To Quit Campaign Last Year”
link
[Note: A retweet from Tucker Carlson and Neil Patel’s conservative Daily Caller.]
source Daily Caller

11/5/2016
“State Dept says Clinton hid US$1m ‘gift’ from Qatar (at the time Qatar was funding ISIS)”
link
source Hindustan Times

11/4/2016
“FBI- emails related to Hillary Clinton’s tenure as SOS on Weiner laptop. Emails are NOT duplicates https://goo.gl/Mjbc5c #maga #Trump”
link
[Note: Ben Swann has publicly presented many conspiracy theories and has appeared regularly on Russia Today. This tweet has been deleted but can still be found here.]
source CBS (Ben Swan)

11/4/2016
“.@wikileaks impact: Clinton Foundation accepts it received $1mn-gift from Qatar”
link
source Hindustan Times

11/4/2016
“Hillary Clinton circle worried about the perception of their candidate as an ‘insider’ as early as Jan 2014”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“Password cracked for Obama cabinet vetting list: ‘change’. See attachment tab on”
link
source New Republic

11/4/2016
“WIKILEAKS: Clinton pal praises Hillary: ‘Eventually she will sound like a human’ ”
link
source Fox News

11/4/2016
“ISIS and the Clintons have the same bankers: Saudi Arabia & Qatar”
link
[Note: The actual title of the article is, “Julian Assange: Isis and Clinton Foundation are both funded by Saudi Arabia and Qatar”]
source Independent

11/4/2016
“US State Dept source provided Clintons with detailed heads up on potential scandals from Judicial Watch law suit”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“Hillary Clinton ‘Wing Ding’ speech for Iowa, Aug, 2015 (see attachments) #PodestaEmails”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“ISIS occupation of Ninewah an ‘interesting’ oil ‘opportunity’. Includes State Dept pipeline map of Iraq #Podesta”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“71% of paid Clinton Global Initiative members stated that ‘networking’ was their top interest in CGI; see attachment”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“US again rattles claims of pending cyber attack against Russia with a placement style suggesting a domestic audience”
link
source NBCNews

11/4/2016
“US again rattles claims of pending cyber attack against Russia with a placement style suggesting a domestic audience”
link
[Note: Title of NBC News article, “U.S. govt. hackers ready to strike back if Russia tries to disrupt election”]
source Breitbart

11/4/2016
“Bill Clinton had ‘real serious conflicts’ with foundation work according to latest leaked emails from #WikiLeaks”
link
[Note: Report from conservative publication.]
source Washington Examiner

11/4/2016
“WIKILEAKS: Clinton Campaign Manager Says ‘There’s So Much Money On The Table’ http://trib.al/0YI9lDh #WikiLeaks PodestaEmails”
link
[Note: A retweet from Tucker Carlson and Neil Patel’s conservative Daily Caller.]
source Daily Caller

11/4/2016
“I asked why @wikileaks email contradict @ClintonFdn spin. Response: ‘It sounds like you are suggesting we misled you’ ”
link
[Note: Vogel’s Twitter account throughout 2016 shows Tweets critical of Clint, Trump, Sanders, and possibly others.]
source Politico (Kenneth P. Vogel)

11/4/2016
“ANNOUNCE: Email with statement that Clinton had secretly picked Tim Kaine as VP now also verified by Google #DKIM”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“ANNOUNCE: Email exposing Donna Brazile rigging Sanders v Clinton debate questions also authenticated by Google DKIM”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“Hillary Clinton Coms Director Jennifer Palmieri: PBS will obey my instructions to change air time for news ‘story’ on Clinton and #TPP.”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“Revealed: Rahm Emanuel also used a private email server to conduct government business”
link
[Note: A retweet from Tucker Carlson and Neil Patel’s conservative Daily Caller.]
source Daily Caller

11/4/2016
“Hillary Clinton warned by former Secretary of State Colin Powel in March, 2015 to not use him as emails excuse:”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“MIT prof: What I learned from visualizing Clinton’s emails Summary: study censored & I was mobbed by Clintonists”
link
[Note: The writer does not say that the study was censored. The writer does not say he was mobbed by Clintonists. The writer writes, “What I saw on Clinton’s emails was not surprising to me. It involved a relatively small group of people talking about what language to use when communicating with other people.”]
source Cesar A. Hidalgo (MIT Professor)

11/4/2016
“WikiLeaks: Clinton Camp Brags about Hiding Hillary and Still Getting Positive Media Coverage”
link
source PolitiChicks

11/4/2016
“Bill Clinton had ‘real serious conflicts’ with foundation work according to latest leaked emails form #WikiLeaks”
link
[Note: Report from conservative publication.]
source Washington Examiner

11/4/2016
“WikiLeaks: Podesta agrees Sanders needs to be ‘ground to a pulp’ -Ça ne va pas plaire aux nombreux Dem pro”
link
[Note: Retweeted from a tweet by French reporter Sonia Dridi.]
source Hill (Rebecca Savransky)

11/4/2016
“What the WikiLeaks emails tell us about Hillary Clinton’s campaign (and what they don’t)”
link
source LA Times

11/4/2016
“Wikileaks has a chilling effect on Hollywood ambassadorships”
link
source Hollywood Reporter

11/4/2016
“The Clinton Campaign at Obama Justice: Emails on WikiLeaks Show a Top Federal Lawyer Giving Hillary a Quiet Heads Up”
link
[Note: Original tweet deleted but still available here.]
source Fox Nation

11/4/2016
“Deleted Huma to Hillary email: Assange ‘might think this is a clever game today but when he is prosecuted..’ (2010)”
link
source Vice

11/4/2016
“The #Podestas’ dinner “cook” Marina Abramovic on #SpiritCooking https://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/1jctbp/i_am_performance_artist_m”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“Tony Podesta. By day, mild mannered Foreign Agent for Saudi Arabia. By night, Spirit Cooker.”
link
[Note: Spirit Cooking became the source of claims that Podesta was involved in satanic rituals. Snopes debunked these claims.*]
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“The Podestas’ ‘Spirit Cooking’ dinner? It’s not what you think. It’s blood, sperm and breastmilk. But mostly blood.”
link
[Note: Spirit Cooking became the source of claims that Podesta was involved in satanic rituals. Snopes debunked these claims.*]
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“Hillary and Gore hate each other. The reason is too dangerous to put in email — Clinton’s closest aid Huma Abedin”
link
[Note: Al Gore publicly endorsed Clinton in July 2016.*]
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“‘I hope Hillary truly understands now how batshit crazy David Brock is.’ Neera Tanden on Media Matters’ David Brock”
link
[Note: The email goes on “This times piece is amazing.” It is unclear which “times piece” this refers to.]
source WikiLeaks

11/4/2016
“Burying bad news with worse news: Clinton manager Robby Mook planned to bury emails with Keystone Pipeline”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
“‘isn’t it going to leak out of the FBI anyway?’ Clinton rebuffed Podesta’s efforts to turn over emails to 3rd party”
link
[Note: It is not clear that anyone is rebuffing anything in this email exchange.]
source WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
“Tanden & Podesta on why Clinton techie Bryan Pagliano was ‘avoiding testifying’ over emails (took the 5th 125 times)”
link
[Note: Pagliano took the 5th according to frequent conspiracy-peddler Judicial Watch. Judicial Watch somehow was able to subpoena Pagliano and it is Judicial Watch that questioned him.*]
source WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
“The @ClintonFdn suggested Hillary wasn’t involved in initiating Moroccan $/mtg.@wikileaks emails prove otherwise.”
link
source Politico (Kenneth P. Vogel)

11/3/2016
“DailyMail: FBI Clinton Foundation probe finds ‘avalanche’ of corruption evidence but fear DoJ will block trial”
link
[Note: The Dail Mail is a right-wing news outlet.*]
source Daily Mail

11/3/2016
“been hearing for weeks anecdotally about the CIA-FBI divide over this election.”
link
source Jake Tapper (CNN reporter)

11/3/2016
“Wikileaks: Not all of Clinton’s Emails were Turned Over”
link
[Note: This links to a YouTube video published by conservative news outlet One America News, a network that also airs a show called On Point with Sarah Palin.]
source One America News Network

11/3/2016
“Hidden Clinton email: Assange ‘might think this is a clever game today but when he is prosecuted..’ ”
link
source Vice

11/3/2016
“‘He is funding at $1m’ — Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) pay for play for Pritzker”
link
[Note: I could find no fact check on this.]
source WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
“Politico Reporter @GlennThrush Gets Caught AGAIN Sending A Story To A Clinton Staffer For Approval http://trib.al/ynBZ5JZ #WikiLeaks”
link
[Note: A retweet from Tucker Carlson and Neil Patel’s conservative Daily Caller.]
source Daily Caller

11/3/2016
“IRS is also investigating the Clinton Foundation”
link
[Note: I could find no update regarding the outcome of this investigation.]
source Dallas Observer

11/3/2016
“Associated Press ‘journalist’ Eric Tucker is willing to be ‘steered away’ from a story about Clinton’s emails”
link
[Note: This was interpreted in many right-wing outlets as Tucker allowing the Clinton campaign to shape a narrative. In fact, it appears that Tucker is saying that he will accept any comment, even if it is a deflection.]
source WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
“Sweden’s business with Clinton Foundation in a geopolitical context”
link
[Note: The writer of the article, Prof. Marcello Ferrada de Noli, does not have a strong web presence outside of two YouTube interviews published by Russia Today. The Indicter has a YouTube channel itself which has published several Russia Today videos.]
source Indicter

11/3/2016
“WikiLeaks: DOJ official gave @HillaryClinton camp ‘heads up’ about email filing”
link
source Politico/WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
“Two terrabyte drive with Clinton White House emails missing, presumed stolen from National Archives”
link
[Note: This conversation is from April 2009. The person sending the email writes, “All material is unclassified, except for three documents which Bill Leary has examined and does not believe present an significant risk.”]
source WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
“Podesta on Bernie Sanders: ‘I agree.. Where should we stick the knife in?’ ”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
Hillary Clinton speeches released by @wikileaks to be published
link
[Note: This book was supposed to be published in January 2017 by left-wing publisher OR. I can find no evidence that this ever happened.]
source Bookseller

11/3/2016
“Clintons Sell Political Favors to Clinton Foundation Donors”
link
[Note: Like many emails that are supposed to definitively prove this or that claim, it is unclear what exactly is happening in this email exchange.]
source New York Observer

11/3/2016
“Cruz on WikiLeaks exchange: ‘That official who gave the heads-up to the Hillary campaign should be terminated & Loretta Lynch should resign'”
link
source Patrick Svitek (Texas Tribune)

11/3/2016
“Inside the US-China Paris climate accord negotiations. Podesta uses personal account to email with State Dept”
link
[Note: Podesta does use a Gmail account in this exchange. Gmail backs up user data, though. It is difficult to see how this could pose a transparence problem.]
source WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
“Significant, if partisan, find showing how the Clintons supported child stealer Laura Silsby”
link
[Note: Refers to a discredited attempt to tie Clinton to a child sex trafficking conspiracy theory.*]
source Reddit

11/3/2016
“Assignment Agreement for Leonidio Holdings (see attachments) the vehicle used by John Podesta to hide Joule shares”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
Robby Mook discusses with John Podesta about how to “structure” a US$3k/month cash payment to him. #IRS
link
[Note: Robby Mook is a campaign strategist. This appears to be an arrangement to pay him for doing his job.]
source WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
“#PodestaEmails reveal additional Clinton emails held back from cache of 55k”
link
source WikiLeaks

11/3/2016
“New York-based OR Books is publishing a collection of Hillary Clinton’s speeches, released by Wikileaks”
link
[Note: This book was supposed to be published in January 2017 by left-wing publisher OR. I can find no evidence that this ever happened.]
source Bookseller

11/2/2016
“New emails suggest coordination between State Department and #Clinton camp http://dw.com/p/2S3ve?maca=en-tco-dw … #Wikileaks #clintonemails”
link
[Note: The message, dated March 1, 2015, came from Department of State press aid Lauren Hickey. The email shows that there was brief communication between Hickey and the Clinton Campaign. This communication does not indicate “coordination.”]
source DW News

11/2/2016
“WikiLeaks #Podesta emails are feeding into a new high priority Clinton Foundation investigation”
link
[Note: I could find no followup to this nor any evidence that this was ever true.]
source Fox News

11/2/2016
“Controversy over WikiLeaks Podesta Emails Opens a Debate for Future Journalism #Assange #ScientificJournalism”
link
source Indicter

11/2/2016
“Pro-Clinton media calls for UK to storm embassy and arrest Assange”
link
[Note: The writer of this article says that an article where writer Paul Webster Hare questions whether Assange’s activities warrant him being stopped was published in Newsweek. I could not find this article there on Newsweek. The writer of the article, Prof. Marcello Ferrada de Noli, does not have a strong web presence outside of two YouTube interviews published by Russia Today. The Indicter has a YouTube channel itself which has published several Russia Today videos.]
source Indicter

11/2/2016
“MIT goes WikiLeaks with Clinton influence explorer:”
link
[Note: The author of the analysis writes, “What I saw on Clinton’s emails was not surprising to me. It involved a relatively small group of people talking about what language to use when communicating with other people.”]
source WikiLeaks

11/2/2016
“AP: State Department fed info to Clinton campaign after she had left govt & modified draft press release for her”
link
[Note: The article from AP says, “A State Department official appeared to coordinate with Hillary Clinton’s nascent presidential campaign hours before the former secretary of state’s exclusive use of private emails was first detailed in a news account.” The article says, “Hickey provided the agency’s response to the Clinton aides and also appeared to agree to a change requested by the campaign, saying: ‘Yes on your point re records – done below.'” It is unclear to me why this appears to be “agreement to a change.” It looks like the State Department was asking for a record that was then supplied by Clinton’s team.]
source AP

11/2/2016
“Politico follows up on our DoJ-Clinton collusion story #Kadzik #PodestaEmails”
link
[Note: This is the same store as above.]
source Politico (Matthew Nussbaum)

11/2/2016
“New Wikileaks Emails: Major Ukrainian donor to @ClintonFdn pushed for a meeting with @billclinton. @edhenry reports.”
link
source Fox News

11/2/2016
“WikiLeaks: DOJ official gave ‘heads up’ to Clinton camp: http://cnn.it/2e3jgwn @jimsciutto reports on #TheLead”
link
[Note: Per CNN: “The legal filing referenced in the second part of Kadzik’s email had been submitted to the court a day before Kadzik sent it, and had already been reported on in the media.”*]
source CNN

11/2/2016
“Who will draw up Clinton’s cabinet? The DNC? Goldman Sachs? Citibank? #PodestaEmails shows how its done:”
link
source New Republic

11/2/2016
“Here’s the updated list of all Podesta docs published by @WikiLeaks that have been proven, or claimed, to be fake https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/69/c7/8f/69c78f53fdc93726ce2d3b2c37478445.jpg”
link
[Note: The link is an image of a blank sheet of paper.]
source Glenn Greenwald

11/2/2016
“DoJ gave Hillary Clinton secret “heads up” about emails investigation https://wikileaks.org/podesta-emails/emailid/43150#efmABWAB8ACiACqACvADUADXAIF”
link
[Note: Per CNN: “The legal filing referenced in the second part of Kadzik’s email had been submitted to the court a day before Kadzik sent it, and had already been reported on in the media.”*]
source WikiLeaks

11/1/2016
“NEW book: Hillary Clinton: the Goldman Sachs speeches with an introduction by Assange & annotations: http://www.orbooks.com/catalog/hillary-clinton-goldman-sachs-speeches/”
link
[Note: This book was supposed to be published in January 2017 by left-wing publisher OR. I can find no evidence that this ever happened.]
source OR Books

11/2/2016
“New WikiLeaks Release: DOJ Official’s ‘Heads Up’ to Podesta #podestaemails26 @edhenry http://insider.foxnews.com/2016/11/02/trump-new-wikileaks-showing-doj-officials-heads-clinton-camp”
link
[Note: Per CNN: “The legal filing referenced in the second part of Kadzik’s email had been submitted to the court a day before Kadzik sent it, and had already been reported on in the media.”*]
source Fox Insider

11/2/2016
“WikiLeaks emails show close links between Google’s Eric Schmidt and the Democrats”
link
source International Business Times

11/2/2016
“How Clinton campaign gamed Super PAC regulations, as revealed in Podesta emails published by @WikiLeaks”[Note: ShadowProof, previously FireDogLake is an alternative left-wing blog.]
link
source Shadow Proof

11/2/2016
“Clinton’s Mook used “other candidates” as cover for Clinton – Wasserman Shultz meeting https://wikileaks.org/podesta-emails/emailid/40823#efmAKRAMe … @SenSanders”
link
[Note: This is the highlighted message: “I asked that he make sure she has meetings scheduled with other potential candidates, so they can credibly say they’re meeting with everyone.”]
source WikiLeaks

11/2/2016
“Clinton campaign censored its best joke in strategy to suggest that Clinton emails were of just of a personal nature” https://wikileaks.org/podesta-emails/emailid/42474#efmAnwArt”
link
[Note: It is unclear to me how someone at WikiLeaks got this interpretation out of this email.]
source WikiLeaks

11/2/2016
“It’s ignorant to vote for Hillary Clinton without reading WikiLeaks”
link
[Note: This is an opinion paragraph of an apparent citizen of Auroro, CO in an opinion section of the Denver Post.]
source Roger Yates (citizen)

11/2/2016
“John Podesta says top Justice Department official on Clinton probe ‘kept him out of jail’ in hacked WikiLeaks email http://washex.am/2fEEkd6”
link
[Note: The comment reads like a joke in context.]
source Washington Examiner

11/2/2016
“Mail: Congress asks why FBI Deputy Director whose wife took $675,000 in Clinton related cash is on Clinton case”
link
[Note: PolitiFact wrote that McCabe’s wife Jill ran for state legislature in Virginia. Like other Democrats running, Democratic donors donated to her campaign. None of these donations were linked to Clinton and they happened before an investigation into Clinton’s emails began.*]
source Daily Mail

11/2/2016
DoJ’s Peter Kadzik was also the attorney for Marc Rich–whose file the FBI released yesterday–as well as Podesta (“Kept me out of jail”).
link
source WikiLeaks

11/2/2016
“WikiLeaks: #DOJ official gave John Podesta a heads-up on Hillary Clinton’s emails http://bit.ly/2feeNoe #WikiLeaks #JohnPodesta”
link
[Note: Per CNN: “The legal filing referenced in the second part of Kadzik’s email had been submitted to the court a day before Kadzik sent it, and had already been reported on in the media.”*]
source Washington Examiner

11/1/2016
“Jacobin: Podesta emails show that Democratic power brokers won’t reward labor’s unwavering loyalty or $$”
link
[Note: Jacobin is a socialist publication.]
source Jacobin (Micah Uetricht)

11/1/2016
Podesta: “So much money on the table.” Clinton re-oriented to take in 5x the funds in wake of Citizens United: https://wikileaks.org/podesta-emails/emailid/40081#efmAAGAB2AGkAGyAHzAH_AJwAKmATVA_Y
link
source WikiLeaks

11/1/2016
“FBI releases Hillary Clinton testimony online”
link
source FBI Records Vault

11/1/2016
“Podesta Calls @theintercept an ‘Edward @Snowden gang’ after reporting on Clinton’s ties to Israel, AIPAC & war”
link
source WikiLeaks

The Door

A representative from the The Door (Christian Center) came to my apartment earlier. I usually don’t answer My Door for people who aren’t delivering packages to me, but she was very insistent. She knocked and clacked the clapper several times as if to say, “You must answer — your very soul is at stake!”

I answered the door, and she handed me this bookmark-sized ad for something called XTREME VENUE. I’d never have guessed that it was for a church group if she hadn’t told me.

She asks if I’m religious. I tell her that I consider myself a humanist now, though I did grow up with a Pentecostalist mom and went to a Seventh-Day Adventist church school for several years.

She tells me how much Jesus still loves me and how Jesus saved her, made her whole, and made her a better person.

Eventually, I ask her what I ask the LDS missionaries that I periodically speak to when they come to my door: “If you passed by someone on the street who is hungry, would you try to help them?”

“Yes, of course,” she says. Everybody says this.

I say, “We both know that God is all-powerful, all-knowing, all-present. So, we know that God could help that person but doesn’t. So, why worship something that is less moral than you are?”

“But God gives us free will, so it’s our own decisions that get us to that point of being hungry,” she says.

I say, “Well, I think we have some free will but not much. After our genetic makeup and environment are accounted for, that doesn’t leave much room for our personal choices. Our lives are highly determined by the circumstances we’re born into. We can predict, with high certainty, how a person’s life will play out just by where they were born geographically and their parents’ circumstances. I believe, like most humanists, that, by focusing on making the afterlife better for everyone, we too often fail to do as much as we can to help people now who will suffer and die if they only receive spiritual nourishment.”

She says, “I believe that we do need to help those people, and it is my personal choice to help those people. At the same time, though, if you die, you will never have filled that hole that only Christ can fill. That’s why I urge you to read the Bible.”

“What do you think about abortion?” I blurt out.

“Well, I oppose it,” she says.

I say, “Where in the Bible does it mention abortion?”

“God said, ‘Before you were formed, I knew you,'” she says.

I say, “That is Jeremiah talking about a vision he had of God. Jeremiah says that God told him in this vision that Jeremiah would be a prophet to the nations. In Exodus, there’s a verse that says, ‘If two men are fighting and one of them bumps into a pregnant woman, causing her to miscarry, the man who bumped into her has to pay a fine determined by her husband and some judges. But, if the woman dies along with her fetus, the man who bumped into her must be killed, life for life.’ To me, that means that God thinks differently of the born and unborn.”

“What do you think about abortion?” she says.

I say, “Well, I don’t think it should be illegal. I think of myself as scientifically-minded, so I always try to look at the evidence. We know that making it illegal doesn’t actually reduce the rate of abortion; it just makes it more dangerous for the mother. While I don’t think we can stop abortion completely, I would prefer to reduce the rate of abortion overall. The best way the research says to do that is to make birth control as available as we can.”

She says, “We can talk all day about different theories. Scientists have a lot of theories, but they’re not proven. You know, Darwin had his theory of evolution and, even though it’s not proven because it’s just a theory, they still teach it in schools like it’s a fact.”

I say, “Well, that’s an issue with how non-scientists casually use the word ‘theory’ and how scientists use the word. When scientists use the word, it means that there’s a huge amount of evidence in favor of it. It’s as close to truth as we can get. Evolution is ‘just a theory’ in the same way that gravity is ‘just a theory.'”

She says, “It’s fun to talk about the scientific, but I think you still have to think about the spiritual. That is so important to me. My spirituality is informed by reading the Bible and praying. Just reading the Bible and thinking about all these things that people say about it isn’t enough. That’s why you need to pray while reading the Bible.”

I say, “Yeah, but there’s something I can’t get over about prayer: How do I know who’s answering?”

“Well, it’s Jesus. You would be praying to Jesus,” she says.

“Yeah, but how do you know that it’s Jesus answering? I mean, if you connect to wifi, hackers can intercept that signal and reroute you to what they want you to see.”

“Oh, I know it’s Jesus.”

“OK, but let’s say that it’s Satan that intercepts that prayer. And, Satan wants you to think that it’s OK to bomb an abortion clinic, because Satan wants you to believe that people who provide abortions are baby murderers.”

“But, I know that it’s not Satan. I absolutely know that it’s Jesus answering,” she says.

“You are certain that something is answering,” I say. “We both know that Satan is deceptive, though. Satan could disguise itself as Jesus to make us do its bidding. That’s exactly the type of thing we’d expect Satan to do.”

She says that you can protect yourself from that by saying, “My blood is pure, Satan!” or something like that.

By that time, either because we’d been talking awhile and her fellow proselytizers had moved on, or because she had increasingly become convinced that I’m the Devil, she had backed out of the fenced area outside my entryway and closed the gate.

“Read the Bible and pray!” she said, looking back while walking away.

“I’m afraid to pray! Don’t want to let in the Devil!” I said. “Have a nice day!”

Then I closed The Door.


The Door’s Pastor Joe Campbell “Healing”

Guns in the Academic Literature

October 2014

“In conclusion, this article is the first to our knowledge to report that a higher proportion of household gun ownership at the state level is associated with statistically significant increased rates of nonstranger total and firearm homicides. By contrast, we found no robust, statistically significant association between household gun ownership and stranger homicides. Our findings thus challenge the argument that gun ownership deters violent crime, in particular, homicides.”

American Journal of Public Health, 104(10), 1912–9*


December 2002

“Across the nine regions for the early 1990s (n = 9), household handgun ownership rates are positively correlated with the suicide rate (r = 0.59) and are not correlated with either the lifetime prevalence of major depression or suicidal thoughts. After controlling for major depression and suicidal thoughts (and any of the four additional control variables), handgun ownership rates remain significantly associated with the overall suicide rate.”

Injury Prevention, 8, 313–316*


July 2004

“Individual-level studies (n=4) are reviewed that investigate the risks and benefits of owning a personal or household firearm. The research suggests that households with firearms are at higher risk for homicide, and there is no net beneficial effect of firearm ownership.

“Two groups of ecological studies are reviewed, those comparing multiple countries and those focused solely on the United States. Results from the cross-sectional international studies (n=7) typically show that in high-income countries with more firearms, both men and women are at higher risk for homicide, particularly firearm homicide.

“Time series (n=10) and cross-sectional studies (n=9) of U.S. cities, states, and regions and for the United States as a whole, generally find a statistically significant gun prevalence–homicide association. None of the studies prove causation, but the available evidence is consistent with the hypothesis that increased gun prevalence increases the homicide rate.”

Aggression and Violent Behavior, 9(4), 417–440*


November 2013

•There is no evidence for the ‘more guns less crime’ position.

•Guns facilitate suicides or homicides and increase the risk of violent death.

•It is the lethality of the weapon that is responsible.

•The idea that guns serve a protective function is an illusion.

Aggression and Violent Behavior, 18(6), 709–721*


March 2002

“Between 1988 and 1997, the suicide, homicide, and unintentional firearm death rates among women were disproportionately higher in states where guns were more prevalent. The elevated rates of violent death in states with more guns was not entirely explained by a state’s poverty or urbanization and was driven primarily by lethal firearm violence, not by lethal nonfirearm violence.”

Journal of Urban Health, 79(1), 26–38*


December 2000

“Among developed nations, the United States has the highest rate of civilian gun ownership, and the highest homicide rate. We examine whether the United States is merely an exception, or if a relationship between gun availability and homicide exists across all developed nations.

“In simple regressions (no control variables) across 26 high-income nations, there is a strong and statistically significant association between gun availability and homicide rates.

“Conclusion: Across developed countries, where guns are more available, there are more homicides.”

Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 49(6), 985–988*


May 1993

“Positive correlations were obtained between the rates of household gun ownership and the national rates of homicide and suicide as well as the proportions of homicides and suicides committed with a gun.”

Canadian Medical Association Journal, 148(10), 1721–1725*


June 2006

“Over the 22 year study period household firearm ownership rates declined across all four regions. In multivariate analyses, each 10% decline in household firearm ownership was associated with significant declines in rates of firearm suicide, 4.2% (95% CI 2.3% to 6.1%) and overall suicide, 2.5% (95% CI 1.4% to 3.6%). Changes in non-firearm suicide were not associated with changes in firearm ownership.

“The magnitude of the association between changes in household firearm ownership and changes in rates of firearm and overall suicide was greatest for children: for each 10% decline in the percentage of households with firearms and children, the rate of firearm suicide among children 0–19 years of age dropped 8.3% (95% CI 6.1% to 10.5%) and the rate of overall suicide dropped 4.1% (2.3% to 5.9%).”

Injury Prevention, 12, 178–182.*


January 2011

“The US homicide rates were 6.9 times higher than rates in the other high-income countries, driven by firearm homicide rates that were 19.5 times higher. For 15-year olds to 24-year olds, firearm homicide rates in the United States were 42.7 times higher than in the other countries. For US males, firearm homicide rates were 22.0 times higher, and for US females, firearm homicide rates were 11.4 times higher. The US firearm suicide rates were 5.8 times higher than in the other countries, though overall suicide rates were 30% lower. The US unintentional firearm deaths were 5.2 times higher than in the other countries.

“Among these 23 countries, 80% of all firearm deaths occurred in the United States, 86% of women killed by firearms were US women, and 87% of all children aged 0 to 14 killed by firearms were US children.”

Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care, 70(1), 238–243*


April 2007

“Household firearm ownership levels are strongly associated with higher rates of suicide, consistent with the hypothesis that the availability of lethal means increases the rate of completed suicide.”

Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care, 62(4), 1029–1035*


October 2013

“The number of guns per capita per country was a strong and independent predictor of firearm-related death in a given country, whereas the predictive power of the mental illness burden was of borderline significance in a multivariable model. Regardless of exact cause and effect, however, the current study debunks the widely quoted hypothesis that guns make a nation safer.”

The American Journal of Medicine, 126(10), 873–876*


February 2002

“A statistically significant association exists between gun availability and the rates of unintentional firearm deaths, homicides, and suicides. The elevated rates of suicide and homicide among children living in states with more guns is not entirely explained by a state’s poverty, education, or urbanization and is driven by lethal firearm violence, not by lethal nonfirearm violence.”

Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care, 52(2), 267–275*


November 2004

“Those persons with guns in the home were at greater risk than those without guns in the home of dying from a homicide in the home (adjusted odds ratio = 1.9, 95% confidence interval: 1.1, 3.4). They were also at greater risk of dying from a firearm homicide, but risk varied by age and whether the person was living with others at the time of death.

“The risk of dying from a suicide in the home was greater for males in homes with guns than for males without guns in the home (adjusted odds ratio = 10.4, 95% confidence interval: 5.8, 18.9). Persons with guns in the home were also more likely to have died from suicide committed with a firearm than from one committed by using a different method (adjusted odds ratio = 31.1, 95% confidence interval: 19.5, 49.6).

“Results show that regardless of storage practice, type of gun, or number of firearms in the home, having a gun in the home was associated with an increased risk of firearm homicide and firearm suicide in the home.”

American Journal of Epidemiology, 160(10), 929–936*


Spring 2002

“Among high-income countries, where firearms are more available, more women are homicide victims. Women in the United States are at higher risk of homicide victimization than are women in any other high-income country.”

Journal of the American Medical Women’s Association, 57(2), 100–104.*


October 2001

“This paper uses a unique data set to demonstrate that increases in gun ownership lead to substantial increases in the overall homicide rate.”

Journal of Political Economy, 109(5), 1086–1114*


October 1993

“As compared with the controls, the victims more often lived alone or rented their residence. Also, case households more commonly contained an illicit-drug user, a person with prior arrests, or someone who had been hit or hurt in a fight in the home. After controlling for these characteristics, we found that keeping a gun in the home was strongly and independently associated with an increased risk of homicide.”

The New England Journal of Medicine, 329, 1084–1091*


August 2004

“Although the current study cannot determine causation, firearm mortality in its various forms is most commonly related to the prevalence of firearms and the percent of the population that is African American.”

Journal of Community Health, 29(4), 271–283*


“We observed a robust correlation between higher levels of gun ownership and higher firearm homicide rates. Although we could not determine causation, we found that states with higher rates of gun ownership had disproportionately large numbers of deaths from firearm-related homicides.”

American Journal of Public Health, 103(11), 2098–2105*

Latinos and Education in Arizona

Like the rest of the US, Arizona has a serious problem regarding educational attainment gaps between white and Latino students. According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, whites in 2015 were 46% proficient in reading by grade 4 and 44% proficient at grade 8; Latinos were 21% proficient at both grade levels with similar disparities present in math.* As with the US generally, Latinos are not the only non-white group to fare poorly in school in Arizona. However, as they comprise 31% of the population, Arizona has one of the country’s largest Latino populations.* Many Latinos have an educational experience different from their non-Latino counterparts in that most (73%) speak a language other than English at home.* Does this explain why Latinos experience worse educational outcomes than whites? Can we do anything to close or narrow these outcome gaps?


Expansion of the United States, Ward et al, 1912

Background on Latinos in the US and Arizona

Arizona’s current proportion of Latinos is relatively high depending on when in the state’s history the comparison is made. In 1930, for example, the state’s Latino population was also roughly 30%. It would fall to closer to 20% from around the 1950s to the 1990s when it began to rise again. However, in 1870, the proportion of Arizonans who were Latino was 60.9%. This high proportion of Latinos stemmed, in part, from the fact that, up to about 1850, most of the Southwest was controlled by the Spanish or by Mexico.*


Hispanic Share of Population by State, 1870-2012, Krogstad and Lopez, 2014

The US granted citizenship to all Mexicans living in territories acquired from Mexico.* By 1900, there were about 500,000 Mexicans living in the US due to labor needs in building the railroad system. Changing economic needs, labor needs, and immigration policies like Operation Wetback influenced the ebb and flow of immigrants across the southern border up to the 1960s. Immigration legislation passed in 1965 led to a surge in Latino immigrants across the country.

Why Arizonans Should Care About Latino Education

People in the US generally might wonder why anyone should care about whether Latinos do well in school. One reason they might care is that most people in the US believe that all people are created equal. In 2015, when asked if they thought that Thomas Jefferson’s assertion that “all men are created equal” is true, 76% of US respondents said that it is.* If people generally begin life on the same footing, it stands to reason that it is largely external forces that prevent them from achieving their full potential. People in the US also generally believe, one, that races are not currently equal and, two, that they should be. A majority of people in the US, 61%, feels that changes are needed to achieve racial equality.*

Arizona also faces the possibility of not being able to meet the needs of the changing job market by not being able to properly educate its large Latino population. According to a report by Georgetown University, by 2020, 68% of jobs in Arizona will require postsecondary education.* Consumer spending is a significant driver of economic growth generally.* In the US, consumer spending makes up two-thirds of the economy.* However, there must also be job growth in order for consumers to have the income to actually spend. If a third of Arizona’s citizens are not well-educated enough to do or qualify to do the jobs that will be available in the near future, they will not generate the income necessary to keep consumer spending up. This will be detrimental to the economic well-being of all Arizonans.

Why Arizona Latinos Are Not Performing as Well as Whites

There are several problems that English Language Learners (ELLs) face that their English-speaking peers do not. One obvious challenge is that they must acquire proficiency close to their peers while they are simultaneously expected to learn the same material, taught in English, as their peers. Given that a proportion of a given group of English-speaking students will struggle with course materials in their native language, the challenge for ELL students is even greater. ELLs do especially poorly in Arizona. According to Department of Education data, Arizona’s rate of graduating ELLs (18% compared to 75.7% for the general population) is the worst in the country.* By contrast, California, which has a similar composition of ELL students, graduated 65% during the same period.*


English Language Learners Versus Total Graduation Rate, Sanchez, 2017

Another major influencer of student success is parental education. More than 65% of Latino adults in Arizona have no educational experience outside of high school.* In a longitudinal study by Dubow, Boxer, and Huesmann, published in 2009, the researchers followed 856 third-graders over a 40-year timespan. They found that their parents’ educational attainment level significantly predicted their child’s educational and occupational success at age 48. The researchers note that lower educational attainment in adults is associated with a host of negative child development outcomes stemming from such phenomena as greater parental stress.*

One other major influencer is poverty rate. Data from the US Census Bureau show a strong correlation between poverty and educational outcomes in the US.* According to those data, 28.9% of people aged 25 and older in 2014 without a high school diploma were living in poverty. This poverty rate is reduced by half (to 14.2%) for those with a high school diploma but with no college.* Given the strong association between poverty and lack of education, it is not surprising that both would impact Spanish-speaking immigrants the hardest. As a group, they are already more likely to be poor as a disproportionate number are more recent immigrants, and such immigrants typically do not leave their home country if they are already financially well-off.


US Census Bureau, 2014

Possible Solutions

In a 2012 report by the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development of Victoria and the University of Melbourne, researchers noted the strong impact of reading to children on improving educational outcomes. They found that reading to kids 4–5 years old 3–5 days per week has the same effect on the child’s reading skills as being 6 months older. They also found that increasing the number of readings to 6–7 days per week had the same effect as the child being nearly 12 months older.* This may present a special challenge for parents who speak Spanish only as, one, they may be disinclined to read to their kids in Spanish for fear of worsening their English attainment, and, two, they may be right to fear doing so. One way to overcome this might be to expose children to reading while they are at school or to make children’s books in audio form more widely available to them.

Milem, Salazar, and Bryan reported in 2016 on findings by the Arizona Minority Education Policy Analysis Center suggesting strategies for improving educational outcomes for English Language Learners in Arizona generally. One recommendation they give is to examine entrance requirements that grant or deny access to ELL services.* The nonpartisan Arizona education analysis organization Center for Student Achievement wrote in 2016 that the precipitous drop in Arizona students being classified as ELL is probably due to too-generous proficiency tests more than to actual proficiency. However, it is difficult to know for sure as data on students reclassified as fluent in English are not readily available.*

In 2000, Arizona’s Proposition 203 was passed, requiring a statewide abolition of bilingual education in favor of Structured English Immersion (SEI).* The proposition stipulates that students are expected to learn English within 1 year.* Prior to implementation, opponents argued that this was, one, an unrealistically short amount of time, and, two, would result in years of cumulatively incomprehensible classroom education.* A 2000 study by Hakuta, Butler, and Witt supports that contention. They found that the time to achieve oral English proficiency is roughly 3–5 years while academic proficiency takes 4–7 years.* These writers suggested that, within the time available during formal school hours, it might be impossible for ELL students to keep up with their peers. They suggest that summer and after-school programs might be needed.*

The Near Future

The evidence is overwhelming that educational attainment among Arizona’s Latinos is a serious issue that will have far-reaching impacts on the state’s economy and on people of all racial and national origins. Although Arizona’s Latinos experience high rates of poverty and, to a much larger degree, have the extra barrier of language, there are, nevertheless, ways that the gap can be closed. However, as this process will take years to show progress, and time has already been lost by not taking the issue seriously enough, Arizona’s leadership will have to work diligently to help its inhabitants prosper in the coming years and decades.

2014 State Per Capita CO2 Emissions vs Party Lean

Do people in red-leaning or blue-leaning states have a bigger carbon footprint?

Just looking at data from the Energy Information Administration from 2014, it looks like red states do produce more CO2 per capita:

 

I wanted to better quantify this, though, so I ran the data through a Pearson correlation calculator.* Here’s the dataset in case you’d like to check my work:

And, here are the results:

As you can see, mathematically, as the proportion of a state that was Republican or leaned Republican in 2014 went up, so did the state’s per capita CO2 emissions. The value of R is 0.549, a moderate positive correlation. R2: 0.3014.


For the sake of thoroughness, I performed the same calculation for the Democrats. Here’s that dataset:

Here’s the resultant graph:

The value of R is -0.5593, a moderate negative correlation. R2: 0.3128.

2016 State Per Capita GDP vs Democratic Lean

How well do states perform economically that have populations leaning Democrat or Republican? To try to answer this question, I took data from Gallup for 2016* to determine political leaning and compared it to data from the US Bureau of Economic Analysis for state per capita GPD* using a Pearson correlation calculation.*


State Per Capita GDP vs Percent of States Identifying as Democrat or Lean Democrat

From the resulting graph, one might expect a slight positive correlation, and one would be right. The value of R is 0.462. Although technically a positive correlation, the relationship between the variables is weak. The value of R2, the coefficient of determination, is 0.2134.

* * *

For the sake of thoroughness, we can perform the same test for percentage of states that lean Republican:


State Per Capita GDP vs Percent of States Identifying as Rep or Lean Rep

From the resulting graph, one might expect a slight negative correlation, and this is what we find. The value of R is -0.4692. Although technically a negative correlation, the relationship between the variables is weak. The value of R2, the coefficient of determination, is 0.2201.

* * *

What, if anything does this prove? Primarily, it doesn’t appear that either Republicans or Democrats can strongly boast of improving the economy if that metric is based on per capita income. However, if one side did want to make the claim to being better for the economy, the analysis appears to support the Democrats. These results are similar to those I found in another Pearson correlation I performed using Gallup data in comparison to unemployment figures.